(i)There should be peace between the Muslims and the Quraish for a period of 10 years.
(ii)The Muslims will return to Madinah without performing Umrah this year.
(iii)The Muslims should be able to perform Umrah the next year with the stay of three days in Makkah.
(iv)The Muslims will only be armed with Swords and those swords will be hidden underneath sheaths.
(v)The Muslims living in Makkah can stay in Makkah but if any Muslim wishes to come to Madinah, should not be stopped.
(vi)If a person migrates to Madina, they can be returned. If a person migrates to Makkah, they can not be returned.
(vii)Tribes of Arabia are free to take any side they want.
Hadith is the name of that body of literature which includes the Prophet (SAW)’s speech, his action, his intention, the description of his physical appearance,or his moral character, and what he confirmed by raising no objection against it when mentioned or happened before him.
Sunnah is that practice of the Prophet (reported by a hadith) which he performed habitually,or regularly.
When the Hadith Masters use this term, it means that the Hadith in question is found in both books; Sahih Bukhari & Sahih Muslim, on the authority of the same Sahabi (radiyallahu’anhu) even if there exists variation in the wording.
b)Individual hadith are classified by Muslim clerics and jurists into categories such as sahih
c)Ḥasan (حَسَن meaning “good”) is used to describe hadith whose authenticity is not as well-established as that of ṣaḥīḥ hadith, but sufficient for use as supporting evidence.
d)Da’if (ضعيف, Ḍaʻīf) is the categorization of a hadith as “weak”.
e) Gharib. A gharib (غريب, ǧārib) hadith is one conveyed by only one narrator. Al-Tirmidhi’s understanding of a gharib hadith, concurs to a certain extent with that of the other traditionists. … Firstly, a hadith may be classified as gharib since it is narrated from one chain only.
f) Mashhur. The first category is mashhur (مشهور, Mashhūr; meaning: famous). This refers to hadith conveyed by three or more narrators but not considered mutawatir.
g)Munqati` – broken: is a hadith whose link anywhere before the successor (i.e., closer to the traditionalist recording the hadith) is missing.
h)Hadīth mawdu’ (Arabic: الحديث الموضوع) or forged hadith is a hadith that is falsely attributed to the Prophet (s) or an Infallible Imam
وقضى ربك ألا تعبدوا إلا إياه وبالوالدين إحسنا إما يبلغن عندك الكبر أحدهما أو كلاهما فلا تقل لهماأف ولا تنهرهما وقل لهما قولا كريما
And your Lord has decreed that you not worship except Him, and to parents, good treatment. Whether one or both of them reach old age [while] with you, say not to them [so much as], “uff,” and do not repel them but speak to them a noble word.
The Profession of Faith,; The Shahada
The Profession of Faith, the shahada, is the most fundamental expression of Islamic beliefs. It simply states that “There is no God but God and Muhammad is his prophet.” It underscores the monotheistic nature of Islam. It is an extremely popular phrase in Arabic calligraphy and appears in numerous manuscripts and religious buildings.
Daily Prayers; Salat
Muslims are expected to pray five times a day. This does not mean that they need to attend a mosque to pray; rather, the salat, or the daily prayer, should be recited five times a day. Muslims can pray anywhere; however, they are meant to pray towards Mecca. The faithful pray by bowing several times while standing and then kneeling and touching the ground or prayer mat with their foreheads, as a symbol of their reverence and submission to Allah. On Friday, many Muslims attend a mosque near midday to pray and to listen to a sermon, khutba.
The giving of alms is the third pillar. Although not defined in the Qu’ran, Muslims believe that they are meant to share their wealth with those less fortunate in their community of believers.
Fasting during Ramadan; Saum
During the holy month of Ramadan, the ninth month in the Islamic calendar, Muslims are expected to fast from dawn to dusk. While there are exceptions made for the sick, elderly, and pregnant, all are expected to refrain from eating and drinking during daylight hours.
Pilgrimage to Mecca; Hajj
All Muslims who are able are required to make the pilgrimage to Mecca and the surrounding holy sites at least once in their lives. Pilgrimage focuses on visiting the Kaaba and walking around it seven times. Pilgrimage occurs in the 12th month of the Islamic Calendar.